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California gold gold rush

gold prospecting

The California Gold rush began in early 1848 when John Sutter's foreman discovered some shiny metal near a mill that Sutter was constructing on the America River.

The two men quietly had the metal tested and it turned out to be gold.

Because surface gold is usually found in river gravel beds and streams, it flows downstream from higher positions in the mountains.

The gold found near Sutter's Mill flowed down from the mountains that fed the American River. Also, other rivers were discovered to have pan-able gold as well.

The secret was soon out, and shortly after that, Samuel Brannon, a newspaper publisher and merchant, set up a gold prospector store nearby. Mr. Branon proudly announced, "Gold! Gold! Gold from the American River!" while running astride the streets of San Francisco.

Some 300,000 people from all over the United States, Canada and the rest of the world traveled to Sutter's Mill and an area running from San Francisco north to Yreka along the state border and in the valleys.

California gold rushCalifornia gold rush - gold nuggets

By 1849 the real California gold rush on.

The mining boom was driven by prospecting and greed.

When the most accessible gold (panned gold) dried up, most prospectors left. The remaining miners invented new and different methods of extracting harder to get gold.

The point of all of the above is simple: The California and western US major population and economic boom was started by the discovery of gold. The motive for so many people to rush to California to get that gold and get rich!


California gold rush


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